• Anton Novenanto Center for Culture and Frontiers Studies, University of Brawijaya, Malang
  • Baswara Kristama University of Ciputra, Surabaya
  • Yuni Kurniawaty STIKES Vincentius a Paulo, Surabaya
  • Lutfi Amiruddin Department of Sociology, University of Brawijaya
  • Fitri Widowati Eutenika Research Association
  • Nuzul Solekhah Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pelayanan Kesejahteraan Sosial (B2P3KS), Yogyakarta
  • Laila Azkia University of Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin
  • Erina Saputri Perkumpulan Keluarga Berencana Indonesia, Jakarta
  • Syaiful Anam Eutenika Research Association
  • Gadi Makitan
  • Palupi Pitakaningrum BP2MI, Lampung



pandemic, vulnerability, marginality, disaster, ethnography


This study is a patchwork ethnography of how certain social groups in Indonesia are marginalized while coping with the ongoing global pandemic of COVID-19. A consortium consisting of social researchers living in different locations in Indonesia conducted observation to identify marginal/marginalized groups in their surroundings. We focus on the marginalization or marginalizing process by considering the vulnerability concept developed within the disaster studies field. Our observations guided by questions: How vulnerable were pre-existing marginal/marginalized groups in Indonesia before and during the outbreak? To what extent does the Indonesian government approach for the outbreak become a new vulnerability structure by creating new marginal groups within the society? Our observation identified that the ongoing pandemic has further marginalized pre-existing marginal groups and emerged some new marginal groups within society.


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