<-- "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> EMPIRICAL MODELS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND STATE IN INDONESIA: HOW RELIGIOUS BELIEFS DEFINE THE RELATION BETWEEN RELIGION AND STATE? | Hadiwitanto | Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

EMPIRICAL MODELS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND STATE IN INDONESIA: HOW RELIGIOUS BELIEFS DEFINE THE RELATION BETWEEN RELIGION AND STATE?

Handi Hadiwitanto, Carl Sterkens

Abstract


In Indonesian political context the plausibility of religion is very high, both at individual and at societal level. People normally think that religion and state are not seen as totally independent. Religion should not be marginalised in public policies, and the state should deal with religious matters. In the same time we found the rise of religious fundamentalism and its influence on Indonesian politics. This particular situation shows the problematic relationship between religion and state in Indonesia. The dividing line between religion and state in today’s Indonesia is very thin at some points; and the role of religion in the legislative and executive branch receives a lot of attention in public debate. In this article we would like to examine empirically the attitudes of Indonesian students in higher education towards the relationship between religion and state. We will elaborate on the relationship between the religious convictions of individuals, and the influence of these convictions on their ideas about the separation of religion and state. We expect that university students attitudes are highly relevant regarding respect for religious freedom in domains where the state exercises control. The tension between religion and state is indeed visible in concrete legislation. Keywords: religion-state relation, liberalism, communitarianism, religion, Islam, Kristen, empirical research, Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References


An-Na’im, A. A. (2008). Islam and the Secular State. Negotiating the Future of Shari’a.Cambridge: Harvard Univerity Press. crossref

Anthony F.-V., Hermans C., Sterkens C. (2015). Religion and conflict attribution. A cross-religious comparative research among Christians, Muslims and Hindus in Tamil Nadu, India (Nijmegen Studies in Humanities 3). Leiden: Brill.

Aritonang, S. (2006). Religion and legislation in Indonesia with special attention to the Joint Regulation of the Ministers of Religious and Home Affairs Nr. 9/8 2006. In: Bakker F. & Aritoning S. (Eds.). On the edge of many worlds (hlm. 126-133). Zoetermeer: Meinema.

Azra, A. (2006). Radical and mainstream Islam:New Dynamics in Indonesia. In: Friend, Theodore (Ed.). Religion and Religiosity in the Philippines and Indonesia. Washington: Southeast Asia Studies

Program.

Bader V. (2007). Secularism or democracy? Associational governance of religious diversity. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. crossref

Benedict XVI. (2009). Caritas in veritate. Encyclical letter on integral human development in charity and truth. Rome, 29 June 2009.

Benhabib, Seyla (Ed.). (1996). Democracy and difference. Contesting the boundaries of the political. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Bertrand, Jacques. (2004). Nationalism and ethnic conflict in Indonesia (Cambridge Asia-Pacific Studies). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brown L, Carl. (2000). Religion and State. The Muslim Approach to Politics. New York: Columbia University Press. crossref

Cammack, Mark E., Donovan H., Heaton Tim B. (2007). Islamic divorce law and practice in Indonesia. In: Feener Michael R., Cammack Mark E. (Ed.). Islamic law in contemporary Indonesia. Ideas and institutions. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v17i2.280

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2KK-LIPI)
Research Center for Society and Culture - Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Widya Graha Lantai VI & IX
Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto No.10 Jakarta Selatan
12710

  • ISSN 1410-4830 (print)
  • e-ISSN 2502-1966 (online)
  • Accreditation : No. 21/E/KPT/2018 (Kemenristekdikti)
  • Creative Commons License
    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License