<-- "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> LETUSAN KRAKATAU 1883: PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP GERAKAN SOSIAL BANTEN 1888 | Tantri | Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

LETUSAN KRAKATAU 1883: PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP GERAKAN SOSIAL BANTEN 1888

Erlita Tantri

Abstract


This paper aims to explain the Krakatau explosion in 1883 and its impact, mainly on the 1888 social movement in Banten. Krakatau explosion in 26-27 August 1883 was one of the tremendous volcano explosions in the 19th century, after the Tambora explosion in 1815. The impacts of explosion, such as high tsunami wave, ash, gas covered the atmosfer, had given other impacts on social, political, and economic aspects, as well as scientific sphere. Climate change affecting the ecology, such as the increase of death because of starvation and diseases, increase religion fanatism. This religious fanatism generated the social movement in Banten peaking in 1888. Keywords: volcanoes, Krakatau, Banten, religious fanaticism, social movement.

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References


Lapian, A.B. 1987. “Bencana Alam dan Penulisan Sejarah: Krakatau 1883 dan Cilegon 1888,” dalam T. Ibrahim, H.J. Koesoemanto, Dharmono Hardjowidjono, Djoko Suryo (Ed), Dari Babad dan Hikayat sampai Sejarah Kritis: Kumpulan Karangan Dipersembahkan kepada Prof. Dr. Sartono Kartodirjo. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Ota, Atsushi. 2006. Changes of Regime and Social Dynamics in West Java: Society, State, and the Outer World of Banten, 1750-1830, Leiden, Boston: BRILL.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v16i1.61

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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2KK-LIPI)
Research Center for Society and Culture - Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Widya Graha Lantai VI & IX
Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto No.10 Jakarta Selatan
12710

  • ISSN 1410-4830 (print)
  • e-ISSN 2502-1966 (online)
  • Accreditation : No. 21/E/KPT/2018 (Kemenristekdikti)
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