<-- "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> UNDERSTANDING POSITIVE MEASURES IN AN EQUALITY FRAMEWORK ON THE GROUND OF DISABILITY | Rosdianti | Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

UNDERSTANDING POSITIVE MEASURES IN AN EQUALITY FRAMEWORK ON THE GROUND OF DISABILITY

Yeni Rosdianti

Abstract


Tak dapat dipungkiri bahwa selama ini penyandang disabilitas kerap mengalami diskriminasi pada aneka bidang kehidupannya. Kenyataan ini secara umum terjadi akibat stereotype dan stigmatisasi di tengah masyarakat yang maujud dalam bentuk pandangan yang keliru tentang penyandang disabilitas. Prinsip kesetaraan (equality) dan nondiskriminasi sebagai prinsip dasar Hak Asasi Manusia menjadi landasan pijak dalam menghormati hak-hak penyandang disabilitas. Prinsip kesetaraan, dalam arti kesetaraan substantif (substantive equality model), mengandung makna kesetaraan yang memberikan ruang bagi penyandang disabilitas untuk beroleh kesempatan yang sama dengan non-disabilitas pada seluruh lapangan kehidupan. Konsep Kesetaraan substantive ini mendorong dibuatnya langkah-langkah positif (positive measures) yang menekankan pada akomodasi kekhasan yang ada untuk menyingkirkan rintangan (removing barriers) yang selama ini dihadapi. Hingga para penyandang disabilitas sejalan dengan martabat yang melekat, terpenuhi hak-haknya, dan untuk dapat berkontribusi di tengah-tengah masyarakat sesuai dengan pengembangan potensinya masing-masing, sebagai bagian tak terpisahkan dari masyarakat. Kata kunci: penyandang disabilitas, langkah-langkah positif, kesetaraan, hak asasi manusia Persons with disabilities have mostly been experienced a long history of discrimination, exclusion, deprived of liberty, and even dehumanization. A sequence of various stigmatisation and stereotype concerning disability were taken into account. They have been suffered from discrimination on both direct and indirect ways. It was a social model of disability which subsequently led to human rights based approach of disability; appoint a new horizon to perceive disability within a comprehensive pathway in the society as a whole. It comes from human rights values which accented on equality and non-discrimination as the main principles of human rights. Equality in terms of substantive equality model drives its robust landscape of disability in light of protection and fulfilment of the rights of persons with disabilities as disadvantaged group, toward the uttermost participation in the society. Substantive equality is the notion of worth and benevolence. It is sustain to conferring the positive measures as a means to achieve the genuine equality of persons with disabilities, as well as a driving force to make their rights real. Keywords: Persons with Disabilities; Positive Measures; Equality; Human Rights

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arnardóttir, O. M, & Quinn, G. (Eds) (2009). The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Martinus Nijhoff. Barmes, L. (2009). Equality law and experimentation: the positive action challenge. The Cambridge Law Journal, 68(3), 623–654.crossref

Barnes, C., & Mercer, G. (2006). Independent futures: creating user-led disability services in a disabling society. Bristol, UK: Policy Press.crossref

Bell, M., & Waddington, L. (2011). Exploring the boundaries of positive action under EU law: A search for conceptual clarity. Common Market Law Review, 48(5).

Bolger, M., Bruton, C., and Kimber, C., (Eds) (2012). Employment equality law. Dublin, Ireland: Round Hall.

Devins, N.E., & Douglas, D.M. (1998). Redefining equality. New York ; Oxford: Oxford University Press. Eide, A.,Crause, C., and Rosas, A., (Eds). (2001). Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Fredman, S. (2005). Providing equality: substantive equality and the positive duty to provide. South African Journal on Human Rights, 21(2), p–163.crossref

Fredman, S. (2011). Discrimination law (2nd ed.). Oxford England ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Grant, E. (2007). Dignity and equality. Human Rights Law Review, 7(2), 299–329.crossref

Hannett, S. (2003). Equality at the Intersections: The Legislative and Judicial Failure to Tackle Multiple Discrimination. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 23(1), 65–86.crossref

Hellman, D., & Moreau, S. (Eds.). (2013). Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law. Oxford University Press.crossref

Harris, J.W. (1997). Legal philosophies (2nd ed.). London: Butterworths.

Jacobs, L.A. (2003). Pursuing Equal Opportunities : The Theory and Practice of Egalitarian

Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.crossref

Kellough, J.E. (2006). Understanding Affirmative Action: Politics, Discrimination, and the Search for Justice. Georgetown University Press.crossref

MacKinnon, C.A. (1987). Feminism unmodified : discourses on life and law. Cambridge, Mass; London: Harvard University Press.crossref

Nursyamsi, F., Arifianti,E.D., Aziz, M.F., Bilqish, P., and Marutama, A. (2015) Kerangka Hukum Disabilitas di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Hukum dan Kebijakan Indonesia

Lawson, A. (2008). Disability and Equality Law in Britain: The Role of Reasonable Adjustment. Bloomsbury Publishing.crossref

Lawson, A., & Gooding, C. (2005). Disability rights in Europe : from theory to practice. Oxford: Hart.crossref

Lerner, N. (1991). Group rights and discrimination in international law. Dordrecht, The Netherlands ; London: MNijhoff.crossref

Monaghan, K. (2007). Equality law. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Nagel, T. (2003). John Rawls and Affirmative Action. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, (39), 82–84.crossref

Rawls, J. (1971). A theory of justice (orig edn). Harvard University Press.crossref

Rescher, N. (2002). Fairness: Theory and Practice of Distributive Justice. Transaction Publishers.

Ross, A. (1959). On Law and Justice. The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

Somek, A. (2011). Engineering Equality. Oxford University Press.crossref

Westen, P. (1982). The Empty Idea of Equality. Harvard Law Review, 95(3), 537–596.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v18i2.417

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2KK-LIPI)
Research Center for Society and Culture - Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Widya Graha Lantai VI & IX
Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto No.10 Jakarta Selatan
12710

  • ISSN 1410-4830 (print)
  • e-ISSN 2502-1966 (online)
  • Accreditation : No. 21/E/KPT/2018 (Kemenristekdikti)
  • Creative Commons License
    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License