<-- "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> TUN SRI LANANG DAN IKATAN KULTURAL ALAM MELAYU | Abdullah | Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya


Taufik Abdullah


The beginning of the 16th century can be seen as the time when the history of the two big powers in the Malay world–Majapahit and Malaka–had ended and the period of “stable instability” began. That was the time when the new emerging kingdoms were involved in the highly unstable relationship. Despite of the conflicts and uncertainties, the Malay literary tradition began during this period. Sejarah Melayu (Sulalat us Salihin) or Malay Annals is one of the most famous manuscripts in Malay literary tradition. It was written by Tun Sri Lanang, the Bendahara (“prime minister”) of Johor (a kingdom on Malay Peninsula), who later became the district-head of Samalanga, Aceh- Darussalam. The manuscript does not only describe the history of the Malay kingdoms–from the time of Palembang through the establishment of Malaka to the crisis of the Sultanate of Johor– but also discusses the ethics of power. This manuscript can be compared with Taj us Salatin, written in 1603. The basic foundation of power is justice. However, can the sense of justice be used to oppose the ruler, who has failed to perform the justice? Then, how are the dilemma between justice and rebellion be solved? Keywords: sirna ilang krta ning bhumi, Majapahit & Malaka, Sejarah Melayu, traditional historiography, political theory of Malay, justice and rebellion

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Abdullah, Taufik. 1993. ”The Formation of a Political Tradition in the Malay world” dalam Anthony Reid (ed.) The Making of an Islamic Political Discourse in Southeast Asia”. Clayton, Victoria: Centre of Sotheast Asian Studies, Monash University.

Ahmad, Raja Ali Haji ibn. 1982. The Precious Gift (Tuhfat al-Nafis). An annotated translation by Virginia Matheson & Barbara Watson Andaya. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Ahmad, A.Samad. 1984. Sulalatus salatin (Sejarah Melayu), Kualalumpur: University Technology Malaysia.

Braginsky, Vladimir. 2004. The Heritage of Traditional Malay Literature: A Historical Survey of Genres,Writings and Literary View. Leiden: KITLV Press.

Hashim, Mohammad Yusoff. 1992. The Malay Sultanate of Malacca. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v16i1.32


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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2KK-LIPI)
Research Center for Society and Culture - Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Widya Graha Lantai VI & IX
Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto No.10 Jakarta Selatan

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