<-- "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> MIGRASI, PEREBUTAN AKSES TANAH DAN PENGUATAN LEMBAGA ADAT: RESOLUSI KONFLIK TANAH DI RANTAU MINANGKABAU | Undri | Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

MIGRASI, PEREBUTAN AKSES TANAH DAN PENGUATAN LEMBAGA ADAT: RESOLUSI KONFLIK TANAH DI RANTAU MINANGKABAU

Undri Undri

Abstract


This writing wants to describe about how three ethnic groups,
Minangkabau, Mandailing and Java are scrambling the land
in area of Pasaman. In the area of Minangkabau rantau,
Minangkabau ethnics as aborigine assumed two ethnic that
are Mandailing and of Java have grab their property of the
land existed in their area. Early from massive refuge of
Mandailing’s people in 1930. Have been noted from 37.612
one who have migration to all Indonesia region counted
25.945 people (68.9%) have migration to area of West
Sumatra, especially to Pasaman. Because the native land of
Mandailing located near north side Pasaman. In struggling of
land conflict which refers to the form of violent cannot be
avoided. The Phenomenon like this make them to be ”hungry
faction” (land hunter). According to Langenberg’s work in
comprehending the typology of Mandailing people in
acquiring the land. The conflict was more massive, when in
1950th era the central government delivers Java ethnic come
to native land of West Sumatra under transmigration policy.
The attendance of them on the land often triggers the local
resident conflict particularly concerning the property of the
land. Because local resident still assume that the land have
been occupied by transmigrant from Java still under their
property. Although by local head village have delivered the
land to new comer. In solving the conflict mentioned above the
role of customary institute play the important role by placing
forward the deliberation. The rounded water under vessel and one word under general consensus. The aphorism mentioned
above identifes us that all kinds of existing problem in
Minangkabau can be finished by deliberation. In fact, the
conflict that happened is only finished by informal institute
namely by involving elite figure to look for the feasible
solution of that.
Keyword: Land conflict, migration, access struggle of the
land, reinforcement of customary institute, conflict
resolution, outside of native land of Minangkabau.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v11i2.247

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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2KK-LIPI)
Research Center for Society and Culture - Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Widya Graha Lantai VI & IX
Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto No.10 Jakarta Selatan
12710

  • ISSN 1410-4830 (print)
  • e-ISSN 2502-1966 (online)
  • Accreditation : No. 21/E/KPT/2018 (Kemenristekdikti)
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