FAKTOR-FAKTOR SOSIAL BUDAYA DALAM PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING : Kasus Industri Logam Di Sukabumi, Ceper, Tegal dan Pasuruan
have constrained the improvement of the competitive advantage of
Indonesian small and medium enterprises (SME). Based on the data
collected from metal industries in four locations, namely Sukabumi, Tegal, Ceper and Pasuruan, the study found that the products of these
industries, especially automotive parts and components have not been
not able to compete in local markets with those from China, not to mention those from Japan and other advanced industrial nations, both in
quality and price. Using social capital approach in depicting the existing
industries’ situation the study puts forward some important socialcultural
factors that have contributed to the competitive disadvantage. These include: (1) the inability to depart from traditional way producing goods in which the quality of products is largely dependent on the skills of a master or “mpu” instead of systematic scientific knowledge as a characteristic in modern industries; (2) a subsistent mentality indicated
by the reluctance to develop into a bigger industry which is beyond the
controllability of the owner/manager; and (3) the reluctance to form and
commit in an industrial association, while this kind of organization may
prevent members from cut-throat competition as has prevailed until
recently. The study concludes as long as the situation remains, the products of these industries will remain to stay in the lower segment of
the market, and more importantly, these industries will have very little
chance of becoming business partners and suppliers of parts and components for big assembling industries. This means that in the
foreseeable future the local markets will still be flooded by imported metal industrial products, and foreign small and medium metal industries will still hold a dominant position as suppliers for local automotive assembling industries.
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Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2KK-LIPI)
Research Center for Society and Culture - Indonesian Institute of Sciences
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