<-- "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> NELAYAN DESA BENDAR: STRATEGI DALAM MENGATASI KENDALA USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP | Manan | Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

NELAYAN DESA BENDAR: STRATEGI DALAM MENGATASI KENDALA USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP

M. Azzam Manan

Abstract


This article is a part of research findings on fishermen, conducted in 2009 at fishing village of Bendar in Pati Region of Central Java Province. The study shows that fishermen basically face a number of handicaps or problems, concerning with regulations that forbid operating cantrang nets and sale of fish over the sea, bureaucracy difficulties in terms of officials’ negative mental attitude, lack of capital, market system based on middle man, and instability in income generation. As a means of production, cantrang nets are extremely prohibited to operate due to considered similar to trawl nets in the way of operation. The study is basically a qualitative research in which informants and key persons come from fishermen themselves and informal leaders in local community. A number of questions as listed in interview guide have been addressed to all of them and designed to get information in-depth as primary data. In addition, the study also collects some data from other sources as secondary data to support primary data. In coping with such problems, some actions have been done both by fishermen and government. Regarding to regulations on cantrang nets operation, Fishery and Marine of Central Java Office enforces a special policy that allows such gear to operate only by vessels with 29 GT or below in size. However, in sight of fishermen this policy is not a real or an expected solution. Therefore, as a preferred kind of gear they want all cantrang nets in any size are allowed to operate without any limitation. In connecting with other barriers, fishermen get loans from local banks to overcome the lack of capital, bridge good communication with middle men, and offer profit sharing system to the crews. Keywords: Fishermen, fishery barriers, regulations, capital, marketing system, income generation.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arif Satria. 2006. “Konflik Nelayan”, makalah dalam seminar Hasilhasil Penelitian PMB-LIPI, 19 Desember.

Ary Wahyono, et. al. 1991. Bebalang: Memudarnya Fungsi Seke.

Jakarta: PMB-LIPI.

Butcher, J.G. 1995. “Extending The Frontier: The Marine Fisheries of

Southeast Asia Since 1850”, dalam Proceedings of SocioEconomics, Innovation and Management of the Java Sea

Pelagic Fisheries. Seminar SOSEKIMA, Bandungan, 4–7

Desember.

Charles, A.T. 1992. “Fishery Conflicts: A Unified Framework”, Marine

Policy, 16 (5).

Imron, Masyhuri dan M. Azzam Manan, 2009, Strategi Nelayan dalam

Peningkatan Kesejahteraan: Alternatif, Kendala, dan Dukungan

Kebijakan, Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Kompas, 7 April 2009.

McGoodwin, J.R. 1990. Crisis in the World’s Fisheries: People,

Problems, and Policies. Stanford, Stanford University Press.

Warner, M. 2000. “Conflict Management in Community-Based Natural

Resources”. Project Experiences from Fiji and Papua New

Guinea. Working Paper 135 edition. London.

Undang-Undang Nomor 22 Tahun 1999 Tentang Otonomi Daerah.

Undang-Undang Nomor 31 Tahun 2004 Tentang Perikanan.

Peraturan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Nomor PER.05/MEN/2008

Tentang Usaha Perikanan Tangkap.

Peraturan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Nomor PER.12/MEN/2009

Tanggal 19 Mei 2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v12i2.114

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2KK-LIPI)
Research Center for Society and Culture - Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Widya Graha Lantai VI & IX
Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto No.10 Jakarta Selatan
12710

  • ISSN 1410-4830 (print)
  • e-ISSN 2502-1966 (online)
  • Accreditation : No. 21/E/KPT/2018 (Kemenristekdikti)
  • Creative Commons License
    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License